Controlling labor costs is among the most important mandates of construction management professionals. Keep reading for tips regarding how to reduce labor costs while maintaining productivity in construction.
How to reduce labor costs in construction
1. Conduct better cost estimates
Poor construction labor cost management often begins with poor estimating. That’s because inaccurate estimates leave construction management professionals unable to allocate resources effectively, leaving them scrambling to account for over or under-allocation down the line.
There are many ways to avoid this and ensure the integrity of your construction cost estimating process. We have a full article on construction cost estimating but at a high level, these strategies include the following.
Choosing the correct construction cost estimating method
There are several frameworks for estimating construction costs, including:
- Unit cost estimating: Determining your costs per unit of deliverable (i.e. square foot or single unit in a subdivision) then extrapolating this data for the entire project.
- Production function estimating: Using pre-defined formulas (usually via construction estimating software) to extrapolate from known labor and material costs.
- Stick estimating: Attempting to list every foreseeable expense associated with the project (useful for estimating costs on smaller projects, ineffective for much larger endeavors).
- Empirical cost inference estimating: Using regression analysis to associate changes in costs to specific variables.
Knowing which framework makes sense for your company (which may also differ by project) is crucial for arriving at more accurate estimates.
Knowing reasonable hourly rates based on the type of work
Construction labor costs, of course, vary depending on the type of labor being conducted. Knowing reasonable rates for the types of labor your construction company seeks is an essential part of estimating prior to requesting quotes from subcontractors.
Identifying risk factors that may impact your estimate’s accuracy
No labor cost estimate is without its potential shortcomings. What separates good and bad construction labor cost management is being able to identify and account for those shortcomings.
If the supply of a particular type of labor is constrained, for example, a good construction labor cost estimate should account for the costs associated with replacing scarce workers mid-project (i.e. due to an existing worker’s injury or resignation).
2. Know your existing workforce’s capacity
How much work can your current team of laborers take on? How does that compare to the amount of work they’re currently doing? Knowing the answers to these questions is essential for ensuring you plan resource allocation and procurement more efficiently.
For example, an issue that might arise as a consequence of falling short in this area might be that you take on a project that would stretch your current workforce thin. You might then have to scramble and expand your workforce at an inopportune time, resulting in higher costs.
It also helps to know what skills and qualifications your workers possess. Many construction workers are multi-disciplinary. Employing these workers and utilizing their broad skillsets (as opposed to relying solely on specialized workers) can reduce your company’s administrative labor costs.
3. Prevent burnout and high turnover rates
Burnout is a significant threat to any company’s workforce. This is especially true in the construction industry since workers need to be focused in order to not only complete their duties but also stay safe.
Consequently, preventing burnout is a crucial part of managing labor costs in construction effectively. A healthy team will deliver results, call in sick less, and generally be a better asset to your company.
Limiting turnover is another important consideration when controlling labor costs. According to the Center for American Progress, replacing employees carries the following costs depending on pay scale:
- 16% of annual base pay for low hourly wage workers
- 20% of annual base pay for mid-level employees
- as much as 213% of annual salary for highly-skilled workers and executives
Keep in mind, those figures simply represent the administrative costs associated with offboarding one employee then finding their replacement and onboarding them. They don’t account for the opportunities you might lose as a result of having a vacancy for extended periods of time.
The point? Reducing unnecessary turnover is an essential part of trying to control labor costs in construction.
4. Don’t let unproductive workers linger, however
While limiting turnover is important, sometimes the cost of keeping an employee around outweighs the benefits. This is certainly the case with unproductive and/or toxic employees that deliver poor quality work (or deliver inconsistently).
Firing these workers isn’t the only solution worth considering, especially if the problem seems rooted more deeply in your organization and its processes. Addressing unproductivity in some way or another is certainly an important part of controlling labor costs in construction, however.
- ensuring you’ve communicated your expectations clearly
- engaging in a transparent dialogue with your employees to learn why they’re unproductive and whether you can support them better
- making it clear what will happen if expectations aren’t met (i.e. missed opportunities for promotions or even termination)
- gathering anonymous feedback to take pulse checks on your workers and proactively address concerns that might otherwise lead to discontentment and unproductivity later on
5. Promote internally when possible
Giving your current workers growth opportunities is advantageous in several ways.
For starters, it motivates other workers and helps them foresee a growth plan for themselves. It can also help maintain the internal culture that has made your company successful, whereas an external hire might seem like an aggressive move to shake things up.
Both of these advantages will benefit your bottom line in the long run. There are also immediate labor cost management benefits to promoting internally. The cost of hiring externally can be exponentially greater than that of promoting from within, with the results not necessarily justifying that difference.
6. Use dedicated construction labor management software
Gone are the days when construction management professionals could maintain a competitive edge using unspecialized software such as spreadsheets to track labor costs and resource management. Today, there are several labor management software applications (including Bridgit Bench) designed specifically to help construction professionals allocate resources more efficiently.
Read case studies from companies using dedicated labor management software regarding how it benefits them.
How can employers control labor costs? Conclusion
We hope this article has helped you understand various approaches construction management professionals take to control labor costs. For more articles on the topic of construction labor management, visit our blog.